School of Frankfurt is the name given to the German group of thinkers of the Institute of Social Research of Frankfurt, appeared in the decade of 1920. Amongst its main representatives, we can detach Walter Benjamin, Herbert Marcuse, Jurgem Habermas, Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer. Of particular form, the objective is mainly lingers in the thought developed for these two last philosophers. Certainly it has great differences between these authors in the thought form. However, a common point can be identified: the concern to study the most diverse aspects of the social life, composing a critical theory of the society as a whole. Leaving of the marxist theory, the studies had been concentrated in the analysis of the mass society. Such definition looks for to characterize the society contemporary, in which the technological advance appropriate and is placed the service of the capitalist logic, pautando itself in the consumption and the diversion as forms to guarantee the dilution of social problems. Thus, in accordance with Horkheimer and Adorno, the iluminismo, that looked to the emancipation of the individuals and the progress of the society, caused the cooling in the dynamics of social domination, now pautada in the development technological-industrial.
For Horkheimer, the problem was in the reason controller and instrument. By the way, for the two thinkers, the iluminismo stimulated the sprouting of this dynamics. Moreover everything, Horkheimer and Adorno denounce the desencantamento of the world, the disfigurement of the individual consciences and the assimilation of the individuals to the dominant social system. In other words, they denounce the death of the critical reason. As he is proper of the thought contemporary, the philosophers of the School of Frankfurt left to be transparent a pessimism in relation to the transformation possibility. This if guideline mainly in the absence of revolutionary conscience, generated for the alienation promoted for the cultural industry.
' We organize the world in our return our brain is product of the environment where it functions. It will be that we can construct a pure vision of the world? Or it will be that we are imprisoned inside of our proper rational mechanisms? When these questions start to disturb escape me for montanhas' '. Marcelo Glaser ' ' Dana of the Universo' ' For the Astronomer and Physicist Marcelo Glaiser, many questions of the nature also of the sprouting of bother it to the universe. In its book (the Dance of the Universe p 359 the 361), it affirms that the laws of the Physics together with a solid observacional program, can be used to reconstruct the aspects most important of the history of the universe. Later the same it affirms that this reconstruction is far from being concluded, if is that one day occurs this construction. We can say that universe bothers many cosmologists it bothered and me when knowing that the subject sprouting of the universe is present in the geographic speech, if is that we can call thus, but what it matters it is that this speech he is boarded in 5 series (6anos) and in the 1ano of average education for many professors of basic education and didactic books of Geography. The reason that took me the search of this subject (sprouting of the universe) was a fact that occurred in the period of training carried through in 4 period of the graduation course. When attending lessons of Geography of 1 year of average education in the Anhangera college, (located in the district of the Lapa, Zone West of So Paulo), the professor was explaining as it was the planet Land in its beginning of formation, then, a pupil asked ' ' how appeared the universe? ' '. The professor to take off the doubt of the pupil, answered saying that a great explosion happened, Big Bang, that formed the planets and the too much bodies of the solar system.
During the trips in the hour of the meals if they came alongside in the edges or they went down in some house throughout the river. ' ' The houses are rare in this wild region, and the hospitality is freely given to all the travellers of passagem' ' (YOU BEAT 1944:175 – 176). The population had as characteristic the hospitality, the houses does not possuam crossbars and all well were treated, possibly inherited custom of the aboriginals. The population of the Low Tocantins migrava the stations in accordance with. The residences in general were made on palafitas, being the finished houses badly, ' ' scrumbling itself entranados, covering of leves of ubu, ' ' made with the trunk of the aaizeiro and narrow boards to form the walls and the wooden floor. These residences they were temporary, therefore when the waters of April and May went up tie the soil of the houses, the family if moved for lands in firm land areas. Also he was proper of this population to move for encampments, as what You beat she found and she described: ' ' There we find some families camped in one I besiege delicious Many nets seted between the trunks of the trees were seen and were spread for the soil frets of numerous families Were all mestizos, living simple and well-made use people in Camet and that they had come so far to pass the summer months.
The only reason that had given in them was that it was very hot in the city, in the summer, and them they liked cool fish very. Thus this simple people is not worried in leaving the house and the tasks to come to pass three months of picnic. It is annual custom of this classroom of people, in all the province, to pass some months of the good station in the places wildest of the region.