History The

History The History of Physiotherapy is to be understood from the set of actions, methods and techniques of personal or collective have been based on the use of physical agents within different social and historical situations in order to promote health. Thus, from the primitive man, we find references to treatments based on natural or physical agents to combat the disease initially associated with magical and religious rituals. In ancient Mesopotamia, a priestly caste called ‘Asu “was responsible for carrying out the treatment by physical agents and also through the herbal medicine. In ancient Egypt, for its part, this role fell to the figure of the so-called “Sinu, lay healers. There are numerous references to the use of physical agents as therapeutic agents in the culture that developed in the Indus Valley in 1500 BC C., and in ancient China.In pre-Columbian America, the Aztecs developed therapeutic methods based on the water in their steam baths (temazcalli) in the same way that the Mayans with their “sweat bath” (zumpulche). However, an important reference point for the development of physiotherapy was the flowering of Hellenic culture. From Greece, the empiricism which had been based therapeutic acts, gives way to a more rational approach to understanding health and disease and therefore treatment. Hippocrates, the father of western medicine, which can be regarded as one of the major drivers of Physical Therapy, away from religious practices and bringing it closer to experimental positions. Its therapeutic philosophy was to “assist nature” that is, drive through natural means of self-healing forces of the body (Vis Naturalis medicatrix).On the subject of the Movement as a Therapeutic Agent (Kinesioterapia), Hippocrates developed correction maneuvers the curvature of the spine externally caused by compression, traction and handling. In the field of massage as a therapeutic agent (Massage Therapy) described the call anatripsis, or “dragging up” that applied to perform vascular drainage. Also, preparatory gymnastics methods promoted for strengthening the limbs in the art of hunting, sports and war, then refine Herodias method in his treatise “Ars Gymnastics. Aristotle for his part he devoted his efforts in this field to study the science of kinesiology or human body in motion, and the study of human walking. In the field of electrotherapy, or electricity as a therapeutic agent, conducted experiments with electric shocks torpedo fish (torpedoes), which applied for gout attacks, populizar an method after the Romans.Roman Civilization developed this therapeutic heritage of the Hellenic world. So, massage was standard practice in the Empire and was performed before and after baths, great boom in those days, called by frictori and ung entarii. Celio Aureliano introduces hidrokinesiterapia (water gymnastics), and suspension-therapy (physiotherapy with weights and pulleys), as well as guidelines for post-operative exercises and rheumatic diseases like arthritis and others. Asclepiades developed therapeutic exercises based on active and passive movement and the so-called “hanging bathrooms. The main figure of this era, however, was Galen, who described a variety of therapeutic exercises with its parameters of force, duration, frequency, use of equipment and part of the intervening body and torso workout planned and lungs, for the correction of kyphotic or scoliotic deformed thorax.In the Middle Ages, the consolidation of Christianity involves an abandonment of the culture of health, as the man stops worrying about the physical and earthly vicissitudes and sets her sights on the cultivation of the spirit and the afterlife. Civilization, culture and heritage of the classics, take refuge in monasteries and health knowledge are left to the religiousclass. However, in Europe, came together and helped the men of the same and occupation: barber-surgeon-apothecaries and health. However, in 1215 a law passed in several European countries, bans the practice of surgery to doctors. Here, the surgeon (from the Greek word kier, hand) is separated from medicine (pharmacopoeia) and to use the hand as instrument, devoting himself to art as manual.The doctors, who basically used the botanical healers were considered upper class and influential and had access to the University, while surgeons-barbers were despised by them, did not enjoy university education and mainly catered to the poorest classes .