IMSS Oportunidades IMSS

IMSS Oportunidades IMSS Oportunidades Program currently serves 2.5 million families living in 10.6 million Mexicans who have no other form of social security, 1.2 million of these families are beneficiaries of the Oportunidades program and 3.6 million are indigenous of its beneficiaries. Most of the population it serves is in places with high geographical dispersion. Beneficiaries living in extreme poverty and marginalization, it is noteworthy that the rural population has twice the risk of illness and death than urban population.Covering 17 states, serving in 16.578 scattered localities 1.264 municipalities to provide health care, has 3.548 rural medical units and 226 units urban doctors and rural hospitals with 69, in addition to address the more far away and as a strategy outreach of services has 225 roaming Health Teams comprised of a nurse and a community action promoter, which move in a van to help meet those localities under 500 inhabitants, known as micro-regions.IMSS Oportunidades Program is a decentralized body of the Ministry of Health and is administered by the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) has its origin in 1973, the year in which amended the Social Security Act, which empowered the IMSS provide health services to rural and marginalized urban population, which given their socioeconomic characteristics was not able to join existing assurance systems so decree establishing the Social Solidarity Program for Community Cooperation. In 1983 the IMSS Oporunidades began operations using as a basis or model MAIS Comprehensive Health Care, which focuses on primary care, encouraging joint work of health personnel with the community to take action to break down the main health problems of the communities in which they live.applying this model has encouraged community participation in self-care of their health by encouraging the provision of services in addition to warm, timely and efficient, resulting in favorable changes in the health of beneficiaries. The program is supported financially in funds provided by the Federal Government, and aims to contribute to improving the health of rural and urban marginalized populations, this through a network of comprehensive health services with a priority focus on prevention, actively promoting the voluntary participation of the population. In communities a diagnosis is made which describes the most common damage to health and the underlying causes or conditions that diagnosis from planned actions at family and community, aimed to abate or mitigate those problems, additional patterns are set to conduct a periodic evaluation of results.One of its main characteristics is that community involvement is preferred as the core of it, becoming the hallmark of the program, which has two national coordinators, Operations Coordination Oversight and Coordination of Community Action on is latter has the responsibility to promote community participation. Currently the program has rural health assistants 14.411, 17.580 health committees, and voluntary promoters 160.446 and 7.721 rural traditional healers and midwives. Promoting the participation of the beneficiary population is accomplished through the proactive involvement of health committees, promoters, volunteers and rural health assistants, which are shaped by people of the community, which are freely chosen by the community to participate on a voluntary basis to support the actions taken by health personnel.All characters above volunteers receive ongoing training of both teams in the medical unit and in their communities, by carrying out regular visits to the localities, and through scheduled meetings of updating and sharing of experiences. It also carries out deliberate actions to interact with traditional medicine in a context of respect for the customs of communities. IMSS Oportunidades Program defines traditional medicine as “a set of knowledge and practices generated within the community, passed down from generation to generation and, based on an empirical, essentially, provides solutions to the various manifestations of the disease, seeking promote community health.