Economic espionage, and often mixed with the concepts of corporate espionage or industrial espionage is a big danger is often underestimated, and especially for many business enterprises. In particular, the areas of research / development, sales organization, and scientific sectors are affected. The risk is often underestimated and many businesses and institutions fail to confront the problem and to establish effective defensive measures. It can be expected with high respect of harm unrecorded amount. The increasing globalization of the markets these days leads to a massive intensification of international competition. The economy is organized espionage operation, in contrast to the competition from state-directed espionage and intelligence. This is particularly expected from intensive industrial espionage by the successor states of the former Soviet Union. The collapse of the previously state-run research program in these countries, the close, the decay and obsolescence of many research centers andassociated migration of countless scholars in foreign state, it has been a huge drawback of know-how, which will be intercepted by industrial espionage. Similarly, for the states collusion and collaboration between business enterprises, market strategies, pricing, and personal information managers, researchers and their immediate environment of interest. In terms of economic espionage is a distinction between the open and the secret procurement. To open sourcing, targeted analysis of publications, attendance at public events (eg fairs, conferences), participate in courses and the levy in conversation. To purchase include the use of secret agents, undercover surveillance of communication (eg telephone, e-mail, etc.) and the penetration of foreign information. Some of the key services that are operated for the states of the former Soviet Union, economic espionage – “Slushba Wneschnej Raswedkij (SWR),” the Russian civilIntelligence service with a main focus of political, scientific-technological and economic intelligence, – “GRU (GRU), the Russian Ministry of Defense assumed to be military intelligence service, military-procurement, tactical and geological information, and -” Federalnaja Slushba Be sopasnosti (FSB), the Russian domestic service, which is also empowered also to foreign intelligence. In Germany, the Federal Constitution has the statutory mandate to counter-espionage. Including the prevention of industrial espionage.