Oophorectomy Oophorectomy is the surgical procedure that involves the removal of one or both ovaries. is then called a unilateral or bilateral oophorectomy. This operation can be performed through the abdomen for laparoscopic surgery or by conventional surgery. When both ovaries leaving women unable to produce eggs and hormones entering this home in surgical menopause. In cases where the patient is a carrier of a noncancerous ovarian tumor is removed only the affected ovary can supply all the remaining ovary functions. In case of benign ovarian cysts, usually removed only the cyst.